Painting from the tomb of King Seti I, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty – King’s Valley 17, Western Thebes, Valley of the Kings – Thoth, patron of scribes and god of wisdom, is depicted for the first time in the tomb of Seti I. In this scene, he embraces the king and welcomes him to the realm of the blessed. Thoth’s function was often one of conciliation or healing, and he could intervene in quarrels between gods. Originally a moon deity, he was shown most often as an ibis or ibis-headed man, but could also be depicted as a baboon. Thoth’s importance in the New Kingdom is reflected in the name Tuthmosis (“born of Thoth”), which is carried by four of the pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty. His main temple was in Middle Egypt, at Hermopolis.
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